The department of Earth Science is established in 2008. The department provides an opportunity to get a BS degree in Geology with specialization in Economic Geology, Engineering Geology, Petroleum Geology and Mineralogy-Petrology, in the duration of 4 years. Gilgit-Baltistan is the museum of Geology and it was a dire need to establish this department here.GB produces 32 types of gemstones (precious and semiprecious) and more than 40000 people are involved in mining.GB also has base metals like Gold, Copper, Silver, Lead, Zinc and other metals along with the deposits of some dimensional stones like; Granite (various varieties) and marble in all districts. The boundary between Indian and Eurasian plate which has been marked as MKT (Main Karakoram Thrust along with MMT (Main Mantle Thrust Fault). In between these two faults, Kohistan Island Arc has prime importance to study the area for base metals mineralization. Gilgit-Baltistan is famous for high mountain ranges. Here three highest mountain ranges like Himalaya, Karakorum, and Hindukush meet. All these mountain ranges have world famous glacier deposits like Siachin and Batura. There is much more here to study, research and to discover. This department will be a pioneer to explore the mineral deposits of Gilgit/Baltistan in near future. This department has much more to be done to save the melting glaciers causing threats of GLOFS to the inhabitants of Gilgit/Baltistan. In future, this department will be one of the important research-oriented departments rather a blessing for the people of Gilgit-Baltistan.